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Пишет marinni ([info]marinni)
@ 2010-11-25 17:30:00


Previous Entry  Add to memories!  Tell a Friend!  Next Entry
Жирандоли- светильники и зеркала.

GIRANDOLES. Жирандоли- светильники и зеркала.


По сути, жирандоль- это канделябр, или настенный кронштейн с одним или несколькими подсвечниками и часто зеркалом для отражения света, как правило, украшены резьбой, позолотой или хрустальными подвесками.

У нас иногда не пишут о втором значении слова "жирандоль" в ДПИ, а определяют его только, как разновидность канделябра.

Это не так, жирандолями называли и называют еще и зеркала с подсвечниками.





Жирандоль, из итальянского "girandola", girandoles известны с 17 века и достигли самых большого пика моды во Франции и Англии во второй половине 18 века.
Их делали в стиле рококо, шинуазри (особенно у Томаса Чиппендейла), готическом, классическом и ампир.


Pair of Bagues Girandoles
France
circa 1920
Rare pair of French Bagues amethyst and clear crystal and distressed metal 3 arm table girandoles

1.
Жирандоль -это светильник, больше похожий на декоративное украшение стола и дома, вазон или люстру.
Если у канделябра четко выделены именно ветви для свечей, у жирандоли они могут теряться в общем декоре.


Pair of Antique Crystal and Marble Girandoles or Candelabras
France
Early 20th c.
Beautiful pair of bronze and cut crystal girandoles.

Часто жирандоль сверху имеет не подсвечники, а декоративное навершие с многоярусным шпилем.
Очень характерны для них хрустальные подвески, как у люстр, форма елки с ярусами, или форма ваз с цветами или ветки с цветами.

Для сравнения:

-------------Бра-традиционные----------------


Pair of French Empire Style 6-Arm Figural Cherub Candelabra Sconces


------------------Бра-жирандоли--------------


Girandole
Johnson, Thomas
1760-1765
'Girandole' is an Italian name for a wall light. Wooden wall lights were introduced in the late 17th century and were common by the mid-18th century. The Rococo style gave free reign to the carver's invention.


Flanking the painting are a pair of wall lights (girandoles) (James Pascall, possibly after a design by Matthias Lock, 1745) featured in Taking Shape.
http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/taking_shape/themes.html

---------------Канделябры-традиционные------







Cobalt Blue Porcelain Dore Bronze Candelabra


One of a Pair of Candelabra, c.1855


1830

Empire Bronze Doré Candelabra


Pair of Japanese Bronze Candelabra
Japan
19th Century


-------------------ЖИРАНДОЛИ-------------------
===============================================
----------Похожие на подсвечники----------



Pair of Period Louis XVI Girandoles
France
18th c
Pair of Period Louis XVI Girandoles with paint and gilt wooden urn and gilded iron framwork and crystal(baccarat) crystals



PAIR OF PERIOD GEORGE III JASPERWARE AND CRYSTAL GIRANDOLES
England
Circa 1770-80
Pair of Exquisite Georgian Cut Crystal and Wedgwood Jasperware Mantle Girandoles or Candle Holders. In the Neoclassical Taste of Robert Adam. Each Jasperware element hosts Mythological Scenes including the Dipping of Achilles and Votive Offerings to Apollo.


Pair of Gilt Metal Girandoles (Five-Light Candelabras)
France
c.1900
A lovely pair of French girandoles (five-light candelabras) of gilt metal embellished with a design of flowers, grape leaves, grape clusters, and wheat stalks.


-----------------Похожие на канделябры-------------



PAIR OF ANTIQUE EARLY GEORGE III PERIOD THREE-LIGHT FLAT-CUT CANDELABRA
English, circa 1760
An exceptionally large and important pair of early George III period three-light flat cut candelabra,


Pair Gilt-Tole, Crystal, & Blue-Painted Girandoles, c. 1830
France
A large pair of Girandoles in the Neoclassical taste, with a variety of crystal pendants and accents throughout


Pair of 19th c. Crystal and Italian Alabaster Girandoles
France
c. 1860
Louis XV Style Girandoles or Candelabras with clear colored crystal drops and italian alabaster base. Newly wired.


GILT BRONZE AND CUT GLASS GIRANDOLE
FRANCE
19TH CENTURY


Pair of Brass & Crystal Girandoles
France or Italy
Late 19th/early 20th century


Pair Russian Bronze & Marble Neoclassical Girandole Table Lamps
c1900
bronze girandole lamps have four electried candles


Pair of French Antique Bronze Amethyst Crystal Lyre Girandoles
France
1900


Pair Antique French Bronze & Crystal Girandole Candelabra
France
19th Century
This pair of gilt bronze girandoles feature five candle arms, crystal finials and pendants, and are raised on drilled crystal feet.


Fantastic Huge and Impressiv Pair of Girandoles By Maison BAGUES
France
Circa 1940's
Huge and Impressive Pair of girandoles by Maison BAGUES.




Pair of 1940s Girandoles


-------------------Похожие на люстры------------------


Pair of English George third giltwood and crystal girandoles. 18th century.
------------------------


A pair of beautiful 19th century French bronze and crystals 12 lights girandoles.

---------------------------------

Pair Crystal & Giltwood Girandole (GMD#2472)
France
Early 20th Century
Pair French Carved Giltwood, Beaded Crystal, Hanging Crystals and Iron 4-Candle Pricket Girandole.


Pair of Crystal Girandoles
Denmark
Circa 1900
Pair of Danish crystal candelabra or girandoles, circa 1900, on marble bases with brass fittings.


Pair Bronze & Crystal Girandole (GMD#2017)
France
Early 20th Century


Pair of Adam style girandoles
Great Britain
1800
A pair of 3-light English Adam style girandoles w/ cylindrical bases


---------------Зеркала-жирандоли--------
=========================================

Второе значение слова "жирандоль"- это зеркало с вмонтированными в декор подсвечниками или подсвечник, как правило, включающий зеркало.
Некоторые зеркала, особенно выпуклые "бычий глаз", называли "girandoles", из-за осветительных приборов в декоре рамы.
Все фото- из музеев и крупных антикварных сайтов:

------------Средние и большие зеркала-----------------

-----------------РОКОКО-------------

Although described as a mirror, this piece doubles as a girandole or sconce, with three arms to support candles.
Mirror
Chippendale, Thomas
1762-1765
-------------------


English Chinese Chippendale style giltwood wall mirror with pagoda top above a seated figure, birds, hounds & a fox (after the design by Thomas Johnson of 1758,
----------------------------

This giltwood mirror is carved with forms and figures in the Chinoiserie style. The whole of the mirror is surrounded by a pinnacle. by Thomas Johnson in 1758.
----------------------------

ormolu bronze mirror in the French Louis XV style features a shield shape, twelve candle arms with foliate decorations and is surmounted by a sphere shaped finial.


1800s / 19th century
Style
Decorating Style
Decorating Style >> Louis XV / Louis 15th


----------------Неоклассицизм------------


1770-1771 (made)
Pier glasses evolved in the late 17th century.


Robert Adam (1728-1792) charged his patron for several designs for this pier glass (in 1769, 1770 and 1771).


Decorative Oval Wall Mirror
European
1930's


A Pair of Fine French transitional Louis XVI girandoles/mirrors
France




Louis XV Style Bronze Five Light Girandole Mirror
France
late 19th century

-------------------Большие---------



English George 1st period girandole
England
Early 18th.century



Fine George II Parcel Gilt Mirror
England
Mid 18th Century
Fine George II walnut and gilt mirror with scrolling broken pediment top centered by cartouche and having carved shells, egg and dart moldings, acanthus leaves and sconce arms.


English Giltwood Rope Twist Mirror
England
Circa 1840


A Pair of 18th Century Rococo Girandoles (f2j0336) Main Image
Germany
circa 1765
A pair of mid 18th century South German rococo polychrome girandoles, each carved with high relief scrolls forming a pierced canopy at the top. The whole is surmounted by a polychrome foliate scroll and further enriched with entwining branches, leaves, flowers and buds.


19th Century girandole mirror light brackets with bevelled plate panels contained in pierced gilt frame


----------------Жирандоли с полочками-----------------


Late 19th C. George III Stlye Wall Mirrors With Shelves


Pair of Mirrored Wall Brackets
American
1930s
Pair of carved wood wall brackets with small shelves and mirrors. Beautifully crafted with lots of Baroque flourishes
------------------------

19th century Venetian mirror

Italy
19th century

-------------------Настенные фигурные--------------



18th c. Mirrored Girandoles
Italy
18th c.
A superb pair of carved wood and gilded gesso three arm mirrored girandoles.

--------------

Pair of Venetian Giltwood Mirrors
Italy

Pair of 18th Century Venetian Mirrored Giltwood Sconces with Single Iron Candle Holder

------------------------

Beautiful Pair of 19thC Italian Giltwood Wall Mirrors
Italy
19th C
Great looking pair of rococo wall mirrors with water gilt finish and crusty mirrors
-------------------------

Pair 18th C Italian Painted Wall Sconces
Italian,
18th Century.
Decorative pair of painted Venetian 18th century girandoles. The oval mirror plate is surrounded by a graceful cartouche shaped back all finely painted in a Baroque manner

-------------------Зеркальные-------------------------


Set of Two Italian 19th Century Carves wood and Gilt Sconces
Italian
19th century



A exquisite pair of Italian 19th century wood and gilt sconces.
Each having juxtaposed etched figures in the center,also each having two candelabra arms
-------------------



Early 20th Century
A pair of etched mirror framed girandoles in a shield shape.
------------------------

AN ANTIQUE MIRROR LIGHT GIRANDOLE
English, circa 1850
A most unusual English mid-nineteenth century glass girandole mirror still retaining the old finish.
The oval mirror plate surrounded by a border of Prince of Wales feathers


-------------------Рококо-------------------
=================================================


giltwood and composition girandole with five armed candle sconces and original mirrored plates, surmounted with phonex and bird decoration

Early 19th Century
-----------------------

A Pair of George III Giltwood Girandole Mirrors
Britain
CIRCA 1780
Each with a cartouche-shaped plate within a surround elaborately carved foliate sprays and cabochons issuing two outward scrolling candlearms terminating in later gilt-metal foliate nozzles.

--------------------------------

A pair of carved giltwood rococo girandoles
England
1755
A pair of finely carved giltwood rococo two arm girandoles formed of "c" scrolls with a stylized column and trailing vines with acanthus decoration throughout.


----------------Неоклассицизм--------------
==============================================

Pair of 19th Century French Girandole Sconces
French
19th Century

======================


A Fabulous Victorian Gilt Oval Girandole Mirror Circa 1870.


THE OVAL MIRROR WITH TWO SCROLLING BRANCHES TERMINATING IN BEADED SCONES CIRCA 1880

--------------

Circa 1920
A pair of French Louis XVI style two-arm wall sconces with oval mirrored back frame with laurel wreath.
------

Pair of French Gilded Sconces
France
1950s
------------------------


A good pair of 19th century portrait mirrors with sconces.
England
circa 1830

------------------Фарфоровые-------------


Meissen Porcelain Three-Light Mirror
Germany
Circa 1890
This spectacular Meissen mirror, crafted of the highest quality porcelain, is beautifully decorated in the exuberant Rococo style.

--------------------Круглые-----


Pair of Bronze Girandoles
France
19th Century
A pair of French mirrored girandoles/sconces in bronze with details of theater masks and ribbons

---------------Солнце-------------------

Exceptional pair of Italian Gilt Metal Sunburst Sconces
Italian
circa 1960

Italian Convex Mirror with Double Candle Sconce
Italy
1960s
A gold gilt wood frame surounds a convex mirror. Includes two electric candles.

----------------


------------Сonvex (Bull's eye) mirror------------
==================================================
Эти выпуклые зеркала, даже когда на раме не было светильников- называли жирандолями, они были особенно популярны в 19 веке, как бы в память о первых выпуклых зеркалах:

--------------------Орлы-----------



Mirror
England
Early 19th c.
Large impressive English Regency convex (Bull's eye) mirror with raised Eagle holding chain and two balls. Acanthus leaf detailed double arm girandole arms with crystal bobeche and prisms


Monumental Girandole Mirror with Eagle and Candlearms
The United States or England
about 1810
Spruce, gessoed and gilded, with ebonized liner, convex mirror plate, gilt-brass candle cups and bobeches, glass prisms, and iron
---------------------


American Federal Gilt Convex Mirror
American
Circa 1810-1820
Fine Gilt convex mirror with a spread Eagle surmount, double candle arms the bottom with a carved drop finial, almost



Regency Convex / Bull's Eye Girondole Mirror
England
Circa 1820
------------------------------

A Pair of Regency Giltwood Convex Girandole Mirrors
England
circa 1820
A pair of exceptional Regency giltwood convex girandole mirrors with eagle surmounts over unusual Greek key tablets with central caryatid
------------------------

rish Victorian giltwood convex girandole mirror with eagle crest above a grapevine wrapped frame and maker's label of Michael O'Malley (19th Cent)

---------------------------

New England Federal Gilt Wood Convex Girandole Mirror
America
Early 19th Century
A nautical rope-twist carved gilt wood convex mirror, with a landing American Eagle on a rockledge, and oak leaf foliate carved pendant; surrounded by FOUR c-scroll candle arms with carved gilt wood sconces.

------------------Крокодилы и орел-----
================================================


Egyptian Revival Girandole Giltwood Wall Mirror
France
20th Century

Egyptian Revival period giltwood girandole mirror dates from circa 1880


This extraordinary Egyptian Revival period giltwood girandole mirror features a convex shaped circular mirror, figural crocodiles, royal male figure at the top, and spread eagle wings at the base.


---------------Дельфины и орел-------


English Regency Bulls Eye Mirror
Great Britain
Circa 1830


-------------------

Irish Regency Convex Girondole Mirror
Ireland
Circa 1820
Most unusual Irish Regency giltwood girondole convex mirror with cresting of a putti holding chains with carved tassels at each end, atop double-headed eagles emanating from double cornicopia.

================Часы===========
-------------------------------------
По аналогии с выпуклыми зеркалами иногда жирандолями называли и часы с выпуклым расписанным стеклом.


Ted Burleigh Girandole - Ca. 1988.
replicate an original L. Curtis Girandole. The Girandole case itself is considered by many to be the most elegant American clock design with the finely hand-carved eagle finial and acanthus leaf bracket set off by forty-nine burnished gold trim balls.



Lemuel Curtis Girandole ~ Exact Facsimile by Ted Burleigh


=======================
Что еще означало слово "жирандоль":

(Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Jewellery) an earring or pendant having a central gem surrounded by smaller ones 2. Ювелирные изделия) серьги или кулон с центральной частью в окружении более мелких камней или жемчуга:







2. (Chemistry) a kind of revolving firework
(Химия) вид фейерверков.
3. (Military / Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) Artillery a group of connected mines 4. (Военный / касается огнестрельного оружия, боеприпасов и артиллерии (артиллерийской группы и мин).
[from French, from Italian girandola, from girare to revolve, from Latin gȳrāre to gyrate ] [По-французски, с итальянской girandola, из "girare"- вращаться.


=================
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Подсвечники и принадлежности для свечей-ТУТ











СВЕТИЛЬНИКИ,все посты-ТУТ




============================
------------------------------
girandole, elaborate wall bracket incorporating one or more candleholders and frequently a mirror to reflect the light.
An object of luxury, it was usually embellished with carving and gilding. Although the name is Italian in origin, girandoles reached the greatest heights of fashion (in the second half of the 18th century) in France and England. At the beginning of this period they represented the most exuberant expression of the Rococo.
Girandoles came into use about the second half of the 17th century, and were commonly made and used in pairs.

A girandole has always been, comparatively speaking, a luxurious appliance for lighting, and in the great 18th century period of French house decoration, the famous ciseleurs designed some exceedingly beautiful examples.

Girandoles, or lighting devices, have also been attached to looking glasses and furniture. Girandoles, Some popular mirrors, especially the convex style, and some large dressing glasses of the 19th century were known as "girandoles" because of the lighting devices mounted to their sides.


The English cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale illustrated examples in the Gothic and Chinese taste in The Gentleman and Cabinet-maker’s Director in 1754. Ruined arches, Chinese temples and pagodas,


-------------------Линки--------------------
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/234160/girandole
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girandole

-------------------
http://www.1stdibs.com/
http://bostonclock.com/Frame_wallclocks.htm
http://www.yankeeclocks.com/a5.htm
http://www.yankeeclocks.com/a3a.htm
-----------------------------
http://vandm.com/Site-Search-Results/0_265.aspx?searchoptions=89046&formname=frm_search&searchkeywords=Girandole&x=15&y=6
http://vandm.com/Site-Search-Results/0_265.aspx?searchoptions=89046&formname=frm_search&searchkeywords=Girandole&x=15&y=6
http://www.jeremy.ltd.uk/index.htm
http://www.sellingantiques.co.uk/antique-mirrors/antique-gilt-mirrors/antique-gilt-girandole-mirror.htm
http://newel.com/SearchResult2.aspx?Style=English&SubStyle=&Class=mirror&SubClass=&K=&Page=1
http://vandm.com/Site-Search-Results/0_265.aspx?searchoptions=89046&formname=frm_search&searchkeywords=Girandole&x=15&y=6
http://www.google.ru/images?um=1&hl=ru&newwindow=1&client=firefox&rls=org.mozilla%3Aru%3Aofficial&biw=1567&bih=840&tbs=isch%3A1&sa=1&q=antique+Girandole&btnG=%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=
http://www.google.ru/images?um=1&hl=ru&newwindow=1&client=firefox&rls=org.mozilla%3Aru%3Aofficial&biw=1567&bih=840&tbs=isch%3A1&sa=1&q=girandole+lighting&btnG=%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=
http://www.google.ru/images?um=1&hl=ru&newwindow=1&client=firefox&rls=org.mozilla:ru:official&q=girandole&ie=UTF-8&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&biw=1567&bih=840


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[info]madame_prokopen@lj
2010-11-25 13:25 (ссылка)
шикарная подборка, есть просто шедевры, там одно рококо такое дремучее, и модерн обалденный просто.

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[info]marinni@lj
2010-11-25 13:42 (ссылка)
Спасибо- старалась:)
У нас в акад. словаре и в вики написано, что жирандоль- это то же, что подсвечник, а про зеркала- ни слова.

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