There is considerable disagreement in many circles about the correct terminology to use when referring to the participants in age-disparate relationships or about those who have age-disparate attractions. For the sake of clarity, this document uses the following definititions:
- Child: A pre-pubescent person.
- Youth: An adolescent person.
- Minor: A child or youth.
- Dependent: Unemancipated youths and children.
- Adult: An person who has attained full physical maturity.
- Pedophile: An adult who is sexually attracted to children.
- Ephebophile: An adult who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to youth (also hebephile).
- Teleiophile: A minor who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to adults.
- MAA: Minor-Attracted Adult. Ephebophiles and pedophiles.
- Amaros: Attraction between Minors and Adults that is Romantic Or Sexual. Ephebophilia, pedophilia and teleiophilia collectively.
- Amarso (plural: Amarsi): Adult or Minor Attracted Romantically or Sexually to the Other. An ephebophile, pedophile or teleiophile.
- Child Molester: A person who engages in non-consensual sexual activity with minors.
- Sex Offender: A person who has been convicted of violating statutes governing sexual behavior.
Amarsi suffer more discrimination than most other minority groups in our society. The reasons for this discrimination are legion. Our society is schizophrenic about sexuality. On the one hand, it glorifies and objectifies youth and sexuality in the media. On the other hand, it harbors intense anti-sex morals. Anti-sex attitudes have made it virtually impossible to conduct research or maintain a dialogue about love and sexuality.1 Research about amaros, the attraction between minors and adults, is routinely denounced, discredited and ignored.2 Researchers into this field are often censured or have their funding withdrawn.3 Instead of seeking facts about amaros, society prefers to replace this knowledge with forensic statistics about sex offenders.4 This is in spite of the fact that many sex offenders are not amarsi.5 It also ignores the fact that many of the so-called offenses were actually consensual, being illegal only as a result of moralistic statutes governing sexual behavior.
In addition to woefully inadequate views about human sexuality, our society is distressingly discriminative of minors. Minors are treated very much like property, having very little say or influence over how they are reared or educated. Their behavior is minutely controlled and widely restricted and their access to information is strictly controlled. Despite overwhelming medical and scientific evidence attesting to their innate sexuality and their ability and desire to behave sexually,6 minors have very little sexual freedom and are routinely taught that sexuality is innately dirty or bad.
Our collective sexual schizophrenia is intimately linked to the sex-negative upbringing that we have received and continue to perpetuate. To remedy this problem, we need to make a conscious effort to break the cycle of ignorance and hysteria, to rationally examine and investigate the causes of our sexuality and the many forms that it takes. It is time to recognize the romantic and sexual aspirations of all amarsi, thereby enabling them to discover the same joy and fulfilment as those who practice more societally-acceptable forms of sexuality.
Chapter I: Civil Liberties
- Article 1: Discrimination
As amaros is not illegal of itself, and is a distinct and unchosen sexual orientation,7 it is unreasonable that amarsi — ephebophiles, pedophiles and teleiophiles — should be subject to any form of discrimination. To this end, amarsi have the same right to legal protection against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation as do people with any other sexual orientation.
- Article 2: Defamation
Considering the extreme prejudice in society against amarsi, media and individuals should be restricted from publishing the names of suspects alleged to have committed sexual offenses, removing this restriction only if the suspect is subsequently convicted of an offense. Any media outlet or individual that violates this restriction should be held in contempt of court.
Incorrect use of the terminology that defines the constituent parts of the amarsi is defamatory to the character of amarsi. Amarsi have the right to legal recourse against any individual or media outlet that incorrectly uses the terms “pedophile”, “ephebophile”, “hebephile” (a derivative form of ephebophile) “teleiophile”, or any of their derivative or euphemistic forms, to refer to child molesters, sex offenders, child molestation, child sexual abuse or any other criminal or criminal activity.
- Article 3: Privacy
Amarsi are entitled to the same rights to privacy as any other law-abiding citizen under the fourteenth amendment to the United States Constitution.8 Any person who violates this privacy by exposing any amarso through verbal, printed, broadcast or electronic means can be subject to civil action by the amarso or amarsi affected and should be liable to all direct and coincidental damages incurred as well as any court and legal fees that arise as a result.
- Article 4: Property
Amarsi who have property seized by law enforcement or any other government agency in the course of any investigation into illegal activity have a right to receive that property back in the same working condition that it was in when it was seized, or compensation sufficient to replace the seized property if it is no longer in working order. Amarsi also have a right to sue for compensation if their home, property or other possessions are damaged or destroyed in the course of a raid by law enforcement.
- Article 5: Declassification
The classification of parahpilias as a mental disorder in the DSM-IV TR, the main diagnostic manual of the APA, has no scientific basis, its inclusion instead being the result of cultural bias.9 Paraphilias, specifically amaros, should therefore be declassified in subsequent versions of the DSM.
- Article 6: “Megan’s Laws”
Publicly accessible sexual offender registries are a violation of the fourteenth amendment to the United States Constitution which guarantees the right to privacy10 and a violation of the fifth amendment to the United States Constitution, which explicitly states that no person shall be punished twice for the same offense.11 No other class of lawbreakers is subject to similar reporting requirements, even though there are many other classes of criminals with significantly higher rates of recidivism.12 Whilst it is important to do everything possible to prevent violent criminals from committing further offenses, sentencing and rehabilitation, not mandatory reporting, are the correct ways to achieve this.
- Article 7: Sexual Offender Treatment
There is considerable doubt if sexual offender treatment is effective in preventing violent criminals from committing further acts of violence. Furthermore, many states have statutes that require non-violent offenders, including minors, to undergo sexual offender treatment. Forcing non-violent offenders and minors to undergo unproven therapies such as, but not limited to, aromatherapy and electro-shock therapy, is a violation of the eighth amendment to the United States Constitution that guarantees that no citizen shall be subject to cruel and unusual punishment.13
- Article 8: Castration
Every person has a right to maintain the sanctity of body, sexuality and psyche. Castration, both physical and chemical, is a direct violation of the sanctity of a person’s being and causes observable differences in a person’s physiology and psyche. Legally-mandated castration of any sort is a violation of the eighth amendment to the United States Constitution that guarantees that no citizen shall be subject to cruel and unusual punishment.14
Chapter II: Research
- Article 9: Child Sexuality
There is already a wide body of data about child sexuality that clearly shows that children are sexual beings even before birth and that they routinely engage in sex play throughout their childhood.15 It is also widely accepted that preventing them from expressing themselves sexually is harmful to their emotional and sexual development.16 Rather than attempting to discredit or ignore this research, society needs to fund additional research to confirm previous findings and expand our knowledge about sexuality. Researchers have a right to conduct research without fear of government intervention, condemnation, censure or withdrawal of funding. Any person or parties that disputes the findings of any researcher should, rather than publicly condemning the research and the researcher, use scientific means to retest the data in order to determine if the findings are correct or flawed.
- Article 10: Amaros
There is very little relevant research about the constituent sexual orientations of amaros — ephebophlia, pedophilia and teleiophilia.17 Much of the research that does exist is largely invalid, as it is based upon observations of criminal populations of sex offenders, many of whom are not technically amarsi.18 It is preposterous that society continues to pass judgment and legislate against amarsi when it does not yet fully understand amaros. In the absence of private funding, public funding should be provided to study amaros in depth in such a way that does not compromise the safety, security or privacy of any of the studies’ participants. Results should be subject to public and peer review and researchers should be able to conduct their studies without fear of government intervention, condemnation, censure or withdrawal of funding.
- Article 11: Economic Impact
It is apparent that amarsi comprise a significant minority in our society. It is yet unknown what the economic impact of their persecution is. Studies should be conducted that determine what the effect of ongoing persecution is on worker productivity and worker illness as well as the impact on health care and mental health care costs. Such data will enable society to see how persecution and rejection of a significant constituency affects not only individuals but national economic health and stability as well.
Chapter III: Children and Youth
- Article 12: Information
Minors have a right to all information that enables them to understand and make decisions about their physical, mental, social and sexual maturity. No parent, guardian, other person or institution, including schools and libraries, shall deny any minor access to this information and shall make such information freely available as well as informing minors of where to find it.
Minors shall only participate in formal education that is suitable to their own stated educational goals and shall not be enrolled in or forced to attend any institution that teaches as fact any religious or other non-scientific belief. Schools that choose to teach scientific theories based upon religious texts, such as Creationism, have a duty to inform students that these are not scientifically-proven theories and must also teach theories accepted by the main scientific community alongside them.
- Article 13: Religion
No minor shall be forced to observe or participate in any religious or patriotic observance or ceremony, or in any other activity that enforces or encourages belief in any non-scientific system, cultural institution or other dogma-based belief. A minor should only participate in such activities if he fully consents to do so.
- Article 14: Citizenship
Children become youths at the time of puberty and have a right, but not an obligation, to all of the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship from this time. For the sake of legal clarity, the legal age of puberty should be determined as the median age of puberty in the general population, rounded down to the year. The legal age of puberty shall be the same for both males and females. Youths who remain under the care of parents or guardians may elect to abrogate any of these rights until such time as they feel that they are capable of assuming them. In such cases, they will, for legal purposes, remain dependents.
- Article 15: Emancipation
Youths who have decided to assume the full rights of citizenship shall be considered to be emancipated. At the time of emancipation, they shall receive an identity card that will allow them to prove their emancipated status in any establishment, enabling them to exercise their full rights without restriction.
- Article 16: Age Discrimination
Emancipated youths, as full citizens of the republic, shall not have on them imposed any restrictions based upon their age. They shall have the rights to vote, to work, to attend educational institutions, to be informed about and choose to undergo any medical procedure, to obtain any prophylactic or anticonceptive device without question, to take tests to license themselves for the operation of machinery, to enter into contracts, to purchase and consume any substances that are legal for adults to consume and to engage in any physical and sexual activities that are legal for adults to engage in. They shall also be subject to all of the civil and criminal penalties of breaking the law.
Whilst children do not share the rights of full citizens, they have the right to full access to any information that will help them prepare for full citizenship, the right to privacy and the right to engage in any activity that does not cause them bodily harm.
- Article 17: Self-Determination
No minor shall be forced to share living quarters or be subject to the stewardship of any parent, guardian or other adult who repeatedly violates his human and civil rights. No minor shall be forced to attend any academic or other institution that repeatedly violates or fails to protect him from violations of his human and civil rights.
The state shall provide ample means for persecuted minors to report violations of their rights and shall provide them with the means to remove themselves from situations that are persecutory.
- Article 18: Prosecution
Any minor shall have the right to refuse to testify against any other minor or adult who assisted him to exercise any of his civil rights or was aware that he was doing so. The state shall not prosecute any person who aids a minor exercise his civil rights or has knowledge that he has done so. The state shall not assume that sexual activity between a minor and an adult was nonconsensual and shall not prosecute anybody under such an assumption without the consent of the minor(s) involved.
- Article 19: Economic Independence
Minors comprise the future wellbeing of the nation and therefore have a right to compensation during the time of their education and maturation, just as the elderly are compensated for their contributions to society. Every minor has a right to at least a minimum amount of support sufficient to ensure that he is adequately clothed, housed and fed, receives adequate medical care and is able to engage in all educational pursuits for which he has aptitude. In the case that the parents or guardians that are acting as his stewards do not have the means to provide this level of support, the state shall compensate the minor for the shortfall.
In the case that a minor decides to remove himself from the household of his legal parents or guardians, he shall be provided the full minimum level of support by the state which he may then take with him to apply to the operation of another household of his choosing. In the case that the minor moves to a state-operated home, he has a right to determine how funds not related to his housing or food are spent.
Any emancipated youth that does not participate in educational pursuits will be assumed to be seeking to join the workforce. The government therefore may, after a pre-determined period, decide to reduce or discontinue support payments to emancipated youths.
- Article 20: Health
Minors have the right to be properly educated about dietary health issues including what foods are healthful and form part of a balanced diet, and what foods are unhealthful and can lead to obesity, heart and other ailments. Advertisers shall not target any commercial messages via any medium for fast food, carbonated sugar drinks or any other drinks high in added sugars, processed or packaged foods high in sugar, cholesterol and fats, alcohol or tobacco products to minors.
The state shall undertake to ensure that, by means of subsidies, excise taxes or a combination of the two, the most inexpensive foods available in supermarkets and shops, including those in poor areas, are fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain products, fresh dairy and meat products, especially those produced locally. Processed foods, especially those high in artificial ingredients, fats, added sugars, cholesterol and other ingredients known to be harmful to health shall made to be the most expensive foods available. The use of food stamps and other government food assistance programs to purchase such foods shall not be allowed.
Minors have a right to be fully informed about physical fitness and the effects of poor fitness and to have free and easy access to equipment and facilities that enable them to take proper care of their bodies.
- Article 21: Advertising
Minors have a right to an environment free from incessant commercial messages. Therefore, all advertising in educational institutions, organizations for minors, media outlets for minors and Internet resources for minors shall be strictly prohibited.
Chapter IV: Parents
- Article 22: Role
Parents and legal guardians shall have the role of steward19 of a minor living in their household. Parents shall not presume to own the minor or to have any special rights to prevent that minor from the full exercise of his civil rights. Parents or guardians shall also not presume any right to the minor’s property or income; they shall act only as trustees of any accrued wealth until such time as the minor is prepared to take responsibility for his own economic affairs.
- Article 23: Education
Parents and legal guardians have a right to make educational opportunities available to minors under their stewardship. They may choose to offer home-schooling or alternative education or may offer state-run education. They may not, however, willfully withold education or information from minors or insist that they learn culturally-biased, religious or other dogmas. They have a right to make informational resources such as libraries or the Internet fully available so that minors may engage in independent searches for the information that they seek.
- Article 24: Economic Support
Parents and legal guardians are required to provide adequate resources for the sustenance, health care and education of minors under their stewardship. If they are unable to do so, they are required to apply for, or assist the minor to apply for, state assistance to make up for the shortfall. They may choose to withdraw this support for youths in the case that the youth declines to both pursue education and join the workforce. In such cases, they may petition the court to have the youth declared emancipated, thereby legally lifting their obligation to provide support for the youth and their liability for the youth’s actions.
- Article 25: Discipline
Physical punishment is never acceptable under any circumstances. It is a direct violation of a minor’s human rights. Discipline shall not be undertaken to enforce a moral code upon the minor based upon religious or other cultural beliefs. It shall be undertaken to aid the minor to learn to respect the civil and human rights of others and to equip him to assume citizenship in the world.
- Article 26: Assistance
Parents and legal guardians have a right to expect that minors under their stewardship assume some of the responsibilities of the community and learn to cooperate in a civic environment. To this end, it is not unreasonable for parents and legal guardians to request minors to perform duties and functions around the household to ensure its smooth functioning. They do not, however, have the right to so encumber a minor that he is unable or impaired in his ability to pursue his physical and mental development.
Chapter V: Legislation
- Article 27: Age of Consent
The age of consent for penetrative sexual activity shall be set at the legal age of puberty as defined in Article 14. Other forms of physical intimacy shall not be restricted for any age and no restrictions shall be made on intimacy between any persons, regardless of age differences between those persons. The only criteria for the legality of any sexual activity between any child and youth or adult is the consent of all of the parties involved on each occasion and that none of the activities causes bodily harm to any child. Previous consent to sexual activity shall not be assumed to be ongoing consent and consent to one act shall not be assumed to be consent to further acts on the same occasion. Any party has the right to withdraw his consent at any time. The use of force, coercion or manipulation by any party to obtain sex from any other party shall be punishable under the relevant rape, sexual abuse or harrassment statutes.
- Article 28: Erotica
Emancipated youths, having the full rights of citizenship, shall be subject the same laws as adults regarding the production and distribution of erotic material that they have participated in.
Producing and distributing still images, videos, or other depictions of dependents that are either nude or engaged in sexual activity, either solo or with other persons, for commercical gain, shall be legal if the prior written consent of all participating dependents and their parents was obtained in advance, so long as no illegal activities are depicted or recorded and all participating dependents are compensated with a reasonable share of any profits.
Producing still images, videos, or other depictions of dependents engaged in sexual activity, either solo or with other persons, for personal use, shall be legal if the prior informed consent of all parties and the parents of dependents was obtained in advance and all of the activities depicted or recorded are legal. Such images or depictions may not subsequently be distributed commercially, nor may they subsequently be distributed to other persons without the written consent of all participating dependents and their parents.
Producing still images, videos, or other depictions of dependents that are nude, for personal use, shall be legal so long as the dependents involved are aware that they are being photographed or recorded and implicitly consent to it. Such images or depictions may be distributed commercially with the written consent of participating dependents and their parents and provided that the dependents are compensated with a reasonable share of any profits, and may be distributed non-commercially to others with the implicit consent of the dependent.
Upon emancipation, youths have the right to terminate their consent to the further commercial production or distribution of any erotic productions they may have participated in as dependents, as well as to renegotiate the terms of any ongoing or subsequent participation.
Producing and distributing still images, videos, or other depictions of minors that are either nude or engaged in sexual activity, either solo or with other persons, without the knowledge of the dependent, either by use of hidden equipment or when the minor was unconscious or otherwise unable to provide consent are illegal.
Virtual depictions of nude minors or minors engaged in sexual activity, either solo or with other persons, produced for commercial gain, shall be legal under all circumstances so long as the activity depicted is legal, but shall not so closely resemble any specific minor or minors that it is not possible to distinguish that the image is artificial, without the written consent of the minor(s) whom the image resembles.
Virtual depictions of minors engaged in illicit sexual activities shall be legal so long as it is possible to clearly determine that the depictions are artificial, and are not fashioned to closely resemble any particular minor or minors.
Written descriptions of minors engaged in explicit sexual activity shall be legal. If any specific minors are named in the literature, their written consent and the consent of the parents of dependents must be obtained beforehand and the activity must not be illegal. Written descriptions of illegal activities shall be legal so long as no specific minors are named in it.
1. Gieles, FEJ (2002). Lecture about Judith Levine’s book Harmful to Minors, IPCE.
3. Political Interference in Academia. Online watchdog Academic Freedom reports that the Missouri legislature voted to cut funding to the political science department of Dr. Harris Mirkin after he published a report condemning the moral panic surrounding pedophilia.
4. Fagan, PJ et al. (2002). Pedophilia. JAMA. 2002;288:2458-2465.
6. Martinson, FM (1973). Infant and Child Sexuality: A Sociological Perspective, The Book Mark.
7. Berlin, FS (2000). Treatments to Change Sexual Orientation, American Journal of Psychiatry, BERLIN 157 (5): 838.
8. Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America.
9. Moser C, Kleinplatz P (2003). DSM-IV-TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal.
10. Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America.
12. Bureau of Justice Statistics Press Release, June 2, 2002, United States Department of Justice.
13. Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America.
15. Martinson, FM (1973). Infant and Child Sexuality: A Sociological Perspective, The Book Mark.
16. Yates, A (1978). Sex Without Shame: Encouraging the child's healthy sexual development, William Morrow.
17. Fagan, PJ et al. (2002). Pedophilia. JAMA. 2002;288:2458-2465.
19. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2000). Steward: One who manages another's property, finances, or other affairs.